My interest in lava started over thirty years ago after spending six months painting volcanoes in the Andes of Northern Chile which has the largest concentration of volcanoes in the world. Fascinated by natural lava forms and the potential for lava as sculpture, I experimented with melting rock in my studio furnace. This resulted later in two trips to Volcan Pacaya in Guatemala, where I was eventually successful in casting lava into sculpture from an active flow using moulds; probably the first person to have done this. Subsequently, I spent six months in Hawaii on the Volcano PU’u’O’o, near Kilauea continuing to develop my technique. The technical challenge of working with lava as well as the symbolism of the material continues to excite me.